- Their goal of breeding is for betterment of the breed and to produce
healthy sound puppies, which will make good pets.
- Knows and explains both the positive and negative aspects of the breed.
- Is aware of and screens for breed specific genetic health problems.
- Only breeds occasionally and usually with intentions of keeping a pup for
- The same bitch is rarely bred more than 2-3 times in her life.
- Usually breeds only 1 or 2 different breeds of dogs.
- Often show their dogs in conformation and/or working events in order to
evaluate worth as breeding quality.
- Will ask prospective buyers a lot of questions and may even require a home
visit. This is due to their concern that their puppies go to a good
- Encourages potential buyers to visit their home and meet their dogs.
Often times will not own the stud dog though.
- Can discuss the qualities and flaws of their dogs. Can discuss specific
reasons for this particular breeding. Knows the pedigree information.
- Puppies are typically raised in the home. They are well socialized and have
a good start on crate-training and house breaking.
- Don't let puppies go to their new homes until at least 7-8 weeks of age.
This is because of the importance of interacting with mom and littermates
on the behavioral development of puppies.
- Often have a contract. This may have specific requirements, such as
professional training, spay/neuter, as well as "first right of refusal." This
gives the breeder the right to get the puppy back if the owners are unable
to keep it, for any reason, at any time.
- Will be there to help you at any time in the future. They will be willing
to answer questions and counsel you with problems that may arise. They
will want to have updates and receive photos as puppy grows up.
Traits of an Ethical Breeder...
- Their goal of breeding is to make money.
- They may or may not know the breed standard. They will breed whatever
they have to whatever is available.
- Promotes only the positive aspects of the breed.
- Doesn't bother screening for genetic health problems. Be wary of anyone
who claims there are no health issues or doesn't need to test.
- Breeds frequently (more than 1 or 2 litters a year) and oftentimes with
the same bitch.
- May breed multiple breeds, depending on the trends. Such "breeders" are
commonly referred to as a "puppy mill."
- Rarely show their dogs but may brag of champions in the pedigree.
- Will not ask the puppy buyer many questions. Their major concern is the
- Be very suspicious if you are not allowed to visit the home and meet the
parents. Often times they own both parents.
- The reason they did this particular breeding is because these are the
particular dogs they have available. May be able to name a "line" that's in
the pedigree but won't have a lot of in-depth knowledge.
- Puppies may be raised in the house, in the garage, a barn, or even outside.
- Will let puppies go as soon as they are weaned.
- Sells a puppy with no strings attached. They have no concern what
happens to the puppy once sold.
- Has no concern for you or your new dog once the money has changed
Traits of An Irresponsible Breeder...
Sandra Statter, DVM
Sandra Statter, DVM